Patient References

1 Fowkes, Gerald, R., Rudan, D, et al. (2013). Comparison of global estimates of prevalence and risk factors for peripheral artery disease in 2000 and 2010: a systematic review and analysis. The Lancet, 382 (9901), 1329-1340.

2 Sharma, A. et al. (2014). Atherosclerotic peripheral arterial disease of the lower extremities: What every primary care physician should know. Consultant, 54(7): 537-541

3 Olin, J. W. et al. (2010). Peripheral Artery Disease: Current Insight into the Disease and Its Diagnosis and Management. Mayo Clin Proc, 85(7), 678–692.

4 What is high blood pressure? American Heart Association. Accessed March 9, 2018.

5 Wake Forest Baptist Health (Webpage) Peripheral artery disease and intermittent claudication. Updated Available online at

6 Barnes, Geoffrey D. et al. (2015). Tobacco use in peripheral artery disease, an economic drag. J Am Coll Cardiol, Vol. 66, Issue 14.

7 Selvin, E. et al. (2004). Prevalence of and risk factors for peripheral arterial disease in the United States: results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999–2000. Circulation, 110(6), 738-743.

8 Khaleghi, M. et al. (2014). Family History as a Risk Factor for Peripheral Arterial Disease. Am J Cardiol, 114(6), 928–932.

9 Allison, M. A., Ho, E., Denenberg, J. O., Langer, R. D., Newman, A. B., Fabsitz, R. R., & Criqui, M. H. (2007). Ethnic-specific prevalence of peripheral arterial disease in the United States. American journal of preventive medicine, 32(4), 328-333

10 Dhaliwal, G., & Mukherjee, D. (2007). Peripheral arterial disease: epidemiology, natural history, diagnosis and treatment. The International journal of angiology: official publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc, 16(2), 36.

11 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2006). Facts About Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD).

12 Rosamond, W., Flegal, K., Friday, (2007). Heart disease and stroke statistics—2007 update: a report from the AHA Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Circulation, 115(5), e69-e171.

13 Swaminathan, A. et al. (2014). Lower extremity amputation in peripheral artery disease: improving patient outcomes. Vasc Health Risk Manag, 10, 417–424.

14 Norgren, L., Hiatt, W. R., Dormandy, J. A., Nehler, M. R., Harris, K. A., & Fowkes, F. G. R. (2007). Inter-society consensus for the management of peripheral arterial disease (TASC II). Journal of vascular surgery, 45(1), S5-S67.

15 Allie, D. E. et al. (2009). 24-carat gold, 14-carat gold, or platinum standards in the treatment of critical limb ischemia: bypass surgery or endovascular intervention?. J Endovasc Ther, 16, 134-146.

16 Allie, D. E. et al. (2005). Critical limb ischemia: a global epidemic. A critical analysis of current treatment unmasks the clinical and economic costs of CLI. EuroIntervention: journal of EuroPCR in collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology, 1(1), 75-84.

17-18 Robbins, J. M. et al. (2008). Mortality rates and diabetic foot ulcers: is it time to communicate mortality risk to patients with diabetic foot ulceration?. J Am Podiat Med Assn, 98(6), 489-493.

19 Administration VH. “Preservation‐Amputation Care and Treatment (PACT) Program.” In: Affairs DoV, editor. Washington, D.C. 2006.

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